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Monday, August 18, 2014

These Mummified Cadavers Helped Teach Medical Students in the 1800s

These Mummified Cadavers Helped Teach Medical Students in the 1800s


These Mummified Cadavers Helped Teach Medical Students in the 1800s

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 11:17 AM PDT

Missouri Governor Calls off Ferguson Curfew

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 11:05 AM PDT

(FERGUSON, Mo.) — Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon says no curfew will be in place early Tuesday morning in Ferguson, and the National Guard keeping watch there will have immediate and limited” responsibilities.

A midnight to 5 a.m. curfew had been in place the previous two nights.

Nixon ordered the National Guard into the St. Louis suburb following another night of rioting, more than a week after a Ferguson police officer fatally shot 18-year-old Michael Brown.

In a statement Monday, Nixon said Missouri National Guard Brigadier General Gregory Mason will oversee Guard operations in Ferguson under the overall command of the state highway patrol. He says the Guard’s limited role will be to provide protection and ensure the safety of the police command center that was believed to be targeted Sunday night.

Supporters Raise $10K for Police Officer Who Shot Michael Brown

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 10:52 AM PDT

An online fundraising page has raised $10,000 to help support Darren Wilson, the white Ferguson, Mo., police officer who shot and killed unarmed black teenager Michael Brown earlier this month.

The GoFundMe page attached to the project reads: “We stand behind Officer Darren Wilson and his family during this trying time in their lives. All proceeds will be sent directly to Darren Wilson and his family for any financial needs they may have including legal fees.”

It took 288 people only 19 hours to raise the money, and the page has been shared more than 3,500 times on Facebook. Many of the comments on the site include love and prayers for Wilson and his family, and some statements about Wilson being innocent until proven guilty.

“I pray that our media, politicians and criminal justice system are strong enough to resist the modern day lynch mob mentality and permit reason and justice to prevail,” wrote one person who donated $100.

Wilson was identified Friday as the officer who shot Brown, whose death has led to violent protests and clashes with police in Ferguson. Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon deployed the National Guard on Monday to try to restore calm.

Pope OKs Protecting Iraq Minorities, Wants UN OK

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 10:49 AM PDT

(ABOARD THE PAPAL PLANE) — Pope Francis has endorsed the use of force in Iraq to stop Islamic militants from attacking religious minorities but says the international community — and not just one country — should decide how to intervene.

Francis also said he and his advisers are considering whether he might go to northern Iraq to show solidarity with persecuted Christians, but are holding off on a decision for now.

In comments Monday to journalists returning from South Korea, Francis confirmed he will travel to the United States in September 2015 to attend a family rally in Philadelphia and was considering a three-city tour to address Congress in Washington and the United Nations in New York.

He said a Mexico stop on that trip was possible, as well as a separate visit to Spain.

Here’s How the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge Actually Started

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 10:45 AM PDT

The ALS Ice Bucket Challenge has quickly gone from a fundraising campaign to a viral Internet sensation, raising $15.6 million so far for the ALS Association to research Lou Gehrig’s disease.

But how did a campaign that has drawn in celebrities from Oprah and LeBron James to Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg actually start?

Chris Kennedy, a golfer in Sarasota, Fla., was nominated by a friend to participate in the Ice Bucket Challenge, which at the time, had nothing to do with ALS. The campaign was not tied to any specific charity, and participants would select a charity of their choice for donations. Kennedy’s friend had selected a charity that benefits a young child with cancer in the area. Kennedy, passing the challenge along, then selected ALS because a relative is suffering from the disease. Kennedy nominated his wife’s cousin Jeanette Senerchia, whose husband Anthony is the one suffering from ALS. Kennedy posted this video on July 15—what appears to be the first instance in which the Ice Bucket Challenge and ALS were linked.

“My cousin Chris sent me a message telling me to check my Facebook,” Jeanette Senerchia told TIME. “He nominated me as a joke because we bust each other’s chops. I was just going to donate money.” Instead, Senerchia, not to be outdone by Kennedy, accepted the challenge and posted the video on her Facebook page on July 16, nominating more people. In the beginning, they used the hashtags #takingiceforantsenerchiajr and #StrikeOutALS to support a newly-formed non profit and baseball tournament to honor Anthony.

Senerchia said their town of Pelham, N.Y., is small and the challenge started to spread like wildfire among everyone including their families and even high school friends. Soon, they couldn’t keep track of the number of videos. Eventually, it reached another man with ALS, Pat Quinn from Yonkers, N.Y. Quinn and Senerchia had a couple of mutual Facebook friends, and the campaign had spread to his online community. Quinn was diagnosed with ALS in March 2013.

Eventually, Quinn’s social network connected with Pete Frates in Boston, who has an especially large network of supporters, and is very involved with the ALS community. Frates was diagnosed a year before Quinn, and since the two had a lot in common (Frates was a former captain of the Boston College baseball team and professional baseball player in Europe) Frates has become a friend and mentor to Quinn. “Pete has been a mentor to Pat because he is a year ahead of him in progression,” said Nancy Frates, Pete’s mother.

When asked how Pete Frates gained such a large following, Nancy says, “If you met Pete you would know.” Frates has maintained friendships with people he’s met throughout his life, and they’ve all become part of his support network. Frates posted his own video on Facebook on July 31, using both the hashtags #StrikeOutALS and #Quinnforthewin—and that’s when the campaign really went viral.

The ALS Association says it started seeing an unexplained uptick in donations on July 29, and on Aug. 4, it was clear something was really taking off. The organization said Monday that it’s received more than $15 million from existing donors and 307,598 new donors. Nancy Frates said her family has received emails from other smaller ALS groups who have said their donations are also up. “Everyone is being made aware of this disease and the reality of it,” Frates said.

“What started out as a small gesture to put a smile on Anthony’s face and bring some awareness to this terrible disease has turned into a national phenomenon and it is something we never could have dreamed of,” Kennedy said.

Bungie’s New Destiny Trailer Detours to Storm-Wracked Venus

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 10:34 AM PDT

From Mars to Venus, it seems Bungie’s counting down planetary locales you’ll be visiting in Destiny, its online-only first-person shooter due out on September 9.

Last week saw our band of intrepid heroes stalking the red-duned surface of the fourth rock from the sun, so this week is about the second.

“Venus was once the site of a great discovery – a paradise. Now, it is a monument to all that we have lost,” writes Bungie in the teaser. There’s not much else to say about the formerly-greenhouse-gas-suffused planet, which looks lush and bucolic here.

Those peacock-headed mechanoid creatures you’re seeing in the combat cuts are the Vex, a robotic alien species that can time-travel and want to exterminate humanity. And I’m guessing those gate things are the warp points from which they’ll pour forth to help fill your XP meter.

Eggless Eggs Exist and This Is What They Taste Like

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 10:31 AM PDT

The product's logo says it all. It’s a silhouette of a tiny plant against the background of an egg shell. It represents a revolutionary idea in food, questioning the land-laden, energy-heavy and labor-intensive way we grow so much of what we eat. It also represents the first time a company has created—and gotten to market—a food that acts like an egg and tastes like an egg, but comes from a Canadian yellow pea, not chickens.

Hampton Creek launched its eggless mayonnaise just over eight months ago and its flagship product, Just Mayo, is already the leading mayo brand at Whole Foods Markets. In September, it will take over Walmart and Target shelves too. Hampton Creek is expecting to earn $35 million in sales this year.

During a recent visit to Hampton Creeks' research facilities in San Francisco, in a warehouse between the city's SOMA and Mission neighborhoods, I found the cramped space was a hub of activity. It was here that Tetrick began his journey two and a half years ago to find a new way to make food—starting with the egg. With the help of biochemists, food scientists, data scientists and chefs, he is rethinking where our food comes from and how it's grown. It's not about replacing what we currently have, he says, but about making it better – more nutritious, and cheaper by about 30%.

Tasting the Eggless Eggs

On the day I visit, dozens of people—from biochemists to data scientists to chefs—were busy fulfilling the next stages of the company's mission. Josh Tetrick, the CEO of Hampton Creek Foods, says the company has already piloted eggless raw cookie dough as well as a liquid egg-like substance that can be used on French toast or even scrambled on their own. Now, they’re trying to cull from the world of plant proteins to develop alternatives to sugar or even fat.

So how does it taste? The mayo is indistinguishable from regular mayo. Celebrity chef Andrew Zimmern is a fan: in a blind taste test, he preferred the richness of Just Mayo to Hellmann's. The cookies are moist and crumbly, and even the raw cookie dough pretty faithfully replicates the taste of a traditional batter—but without, as Tetrick points out, the risk of salmonella poisoning or the burden on the environment that comes with raising hundreds of thousands of poultry.

That's what has companies like Walmart, Target, Kroger, Safeway, Ralph's, Shoprite and Costco signing deals to carry the company's mayonnaise. From the beginning, Tetrick says, Just Mayo was not meant to be a boutique brand aimed at the 1% who can afford to worry about the environment. Case in point: Just Mayo will also be at the Dollar Tree. It’s also what has attracted some of the company's biggest-name investors, including Bill Gates, Yahoo co-founder Jerry Yang, financier Tom Steyers and Chinese entrepreneur Li Ka-Shing.

The Scrambled Challenge

Trevor Niekowal, who recently left Chicago's trendy Moto restaurant to help Tetrick perfect the eggless egg, starts by whipping up some French toast using Wonder bread and the company's latest version of the ready-to-use eggs. It tastes indistinguishable from the real thing, with the right crispiness that comes from a sautéed-egg coating.

But Niekowal admits that scrambling the product on its own is still a work in progress. Back in April, the culinary team, which includes Moto alums Chris Jones, former Top Chef contestant and pastry chef Ben Roche, eagerly poured the product into the pan, only to watch the liquid evaporate into nothing. The next version, beefed up with stronger chemical bonds, stayed together a little too well, forming a flat crepe that didn't have any of the fluffiness of an egg. But it’s advanced since then.

For my taste test, Niekowal pours some of the egg mixture into a skillet and from the look of it, it's indistinguishable from something cracked out of a shell. It stays a little runny, and fluffs up and rolls once it's been heated. The taste, however, still needs some work. The eggless eggs I ate at Hampton Creek tasted like, well, tofu.

The Sky’s the Limit

Tetrick has big plans. He recently hired Dan Zigmond, responsible for managing data for Google Maps and YouTube, to make the company's plant-based database even more nimble and productive. "We built this company around the idea that there are 400,000 plant species in the world," says Tetrick. "Remarkably, 92% of them haven't been explored for how to make food.”

And so Tetrick and his team are compiling a database of those 400,000 plant proteins, painstakingly annotating the proteins' weight, their molecular properties—does it form gels? what happens when it's heated?—and where it's grown. In order to qualify for Hampton Creek consideration, the plant can't be a premium crop or one that requires excessive or unusual conditions to grow. "For the first year and a half of the company, there was a lot of grinding out information about the proteins, lots of trial and error before we started seeing things," says Tetrick.

“The world is so addicted to soy and corn, it's almost like we forgot about the abundance and complexity of the natural world,” he adds. “I think that's unfortunate."

 

That may change. There's a big world of plant proteins out there just waiting to be mined for taste, nutrition and health benefits. And for now at least, there’s always the eggless egg.

Hillary Clinton Is Going Back to Iowa

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 10:16 AM PDT

Hillary Clinton will travel to Iowa in September for a high-profile political gathering, according to reports Monday, her first public appearance in the key caucus state in six years, and one that will be widely seen as an attempt to begin courting voters there ahead of a possible 2016 presidential bid.

Both Clinton, the former Secretary of State, and former President Bill Clinton will appear at the Annual Harkin Steak Fry, the Des Moines Register reports, a must-visit for presidential hopefuls that is hosted by longtime Democratic Sen. Tom Harkin.

Harkin is retiring from the Senate this year, and he promised in a recent note to supporters that this year’s Steak Fry, the 37th one and his last, “just might promise to be the best ever.”

The event will mark Clinton’s first public return to Iowa, which holds the country’s first nominating caucuses, since she suffered a critical loss to then-Sen. Barack Obama in their 2008 fight. Clinton placed third that year behind Obama and John Edwards, after her campaign proved indecisive about how hard to campaign for caucus voters who often reward grassroots organizing over big events and TV ads. As the overwhelming front-runner for the Democratic nomination if she chooses to run again, Clinton could be sending an early signal that she won’t write off Iowa.

“I couldn’t be happier than to share this special day with two such close friends,” Harkin told the Register of the Clintons. “They have contributed so much good, inspiring leadership to this country, and I know they will continue to do so in the years ahead.”

[Des Moines Register]

The Most Well-Rested and Sleep-Deprived Cities in the World

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 10:15 AM PDT

The title of the world’s most well-rested city goes to Melbourne, Australia, whose residents log an average of 6 hours and 58 minutes of sleep per night, the Wall Street Journal recently reported, based on data obtained from Jawbone’s UP, an electronic wristband that tracks sleeping and movement patterns.

The city that sleeps the least, though, isn’t the city that never sleeps—it’s Tokyo, Japan, where residents get an average of 5 hours and 44 minutes of sleep. (New Yorkers sleep an average of 6 hours and 47 minutes per night, not too far behind Melbourne residents.)

Meanwhile, Brisbane, Australia takes two crowns: the city with the earliest average bedtime (10:57 p.m.) and the city with the earliest average wake-up time (6:29 a.m.). Residents of Moscow, Russia, wake up the latest with an average time of 8:08 a.m.

Here’s What a Jellyfish Sting Looks Like in Slow-Motion

Posted: 18 Aug 2014 09:56 AM PDT

If you’re afraid of getting stung by a jellyfish, just wait until you know what’s actually happening.

Going viral now is a video by the YouTube channel SmarterEveryDay that shows scientists at James Cook University in Australia using a high-speed camera to capture microscopic footage of the stinging process — in which small barbs on the jellyfishes’ tentacles called nematocysts thrust out as the victim brushes by. In other words, when you get stung by a jellyfish, you’re basically getting stabbed by hundreds of venom-filled, hypodermic needles.

Even better? It all happens within 11 milliseconds.

MORE: Can We Learn to Love The Jellyfish?

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